Giacomo Puccini Lucca

Giacomo Puccini  was an Italian opera composer who has been called “the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi”.
Puccini’s early work was rooted in traditional late-19th-century romantic Italian opera.
Later, he successfully developed his work in the realistic verismo style, of which he became one of the leading exponents.
Puccini’s most renowned works are La bohème (1896), Tosca (1900), Madama Butterfly (1904), and Turandot (1924), all of which are among the important operas played as standards.

ritratto Giacomo Puccini italian composer Lucca Tuscany Italy
ritratto Giacomo Puccini italian composer Lucca Tuscany Italy

Puccini dedicated his work exclusively to theater music and, unlike the big names of vanguard movement of the 20th century, he always composed while thinking about his audience taste and made numerous trips all around the world to assist with rehearsals and to be present for performances of his operas in Europe and in America.
During his life, he created a limited number of operas – exactly 12 – since his main interest was constant improvement of his theatrical mechanisms in order to realize perfect plays, able to establish for a long time in the major opera houses repertories of the world. Interest, variety, rapidity, synthesis, depth and plenty scenic tricks are the ingredients of his theatre.

Giacomo Puccini was born in Lucca December 22, 1858 by a family of four generations is dedicated to music, both on the paternal than maternal.
His father, Michael (1813-1864) died when James was just over five years, and the musical education of the boy is entrusted to the maternal uncle Fortunato Magi, then Carlo Angeloni, both alumni of the father. Following the family tradition, Puccini became a chorister (1868), then organist (1872); and in this capacity he is also active as a composer early.
In 1874 he allowed the institute Musicale Pacini of Lucca, and two years later he wrote the Prelude to orchestra.
In 1880 he took leave from Lucca with Messa di Gloria (Mass of Glory) that receives an excellent and, attracted by the theater, in November he moved to Milan to sustain the entrance exam at the Conservatory, where his teachers Antonio Bazzini, only just over a month, and Amilcare Ponchielli. In July 1883 he completed his studies by running as the final essay symphonic Capriccio, directed by Franco Faccio, who is very well judged.

foto Giacomo Puccini al pianoforte Giacomo at the piano italian composer Lucca Tuscany Italy
foto Giacomo Puccini al pianoforte Giacomo at the piano italian composer Lucca Tuscany Italy

Puccini: Lucca’s greatest symbol that the city has gifted to the world.
As the real big pull for Lucca, Puccini is the symbol of the great Italian opera.
In Lucca, you can discover his houses, musical instruments, objects, atmospheres, flavours and colours that were dear to him and that inspired his creativity and his imagination. There are many subjects that promote the discovery of Puccini through routes within the city and in the local area.
The Foundation Giacomo Puccini in Lucca, established in 1972 by the City Council of Lucca and recognized with the 1976 DPR, has worked in several areas over the years. The most important achievement has been the creation of the Giacomo Puccini Birthplace Museum in Corte San Lorenzo. There you can learn (in Italian, English, and Russian) about the Maestro, and about the itineraries within and outside the city .

The last work, “Turandot”, which began in 1920, remained unfinished, interrupted by Puccini’s death when only the end of the last act was missing: the composer died in Brussels on November 24, 1924, due to complications arising during the treatment of a tumor esophagus.
Puccini’s death was a mourning for the whole of Italy and for all its supporters scattered throughout the world. Initially the composer was buried in Milan, but in 1926 his son Antonio had his relics transferred to Torre del Lago in a small private chapel of the villa on the lake where Puccini had composed his masterpieces.
The last two scenes of the “Turandot” were finished by Franco Alfano, but the evening of the first performance the maestro Toscanini interrupted the execution where the master had interrupted her, with the death of Liù.

Giacomo Puccini Monumento in bronzo bronze Monument casa natale Piazza Cittadella Lucca Tuscany
Giacomo Puccini Monumento in bronzo bronze Monument casa natale Piazza Cittadella Lucca Tuscany

Within the Walls of the historic city of Lucca stand Piazza Cittadella and Corte San Lorenzo, places full of memories which are directly related to the childhood and early youth of Giacomo Puccini.
The heart of this fascinating journey is the Puccini Museum – Birthplace, where Giacomo Puccini was born on 22 December, 1858.
Here he grew up with his sisters, brother and parents, began his musical studies and composing his first works as a youth. He left the family home to continue his studies in Milan, perfecting his vocation and aspiration for the opera. Sold to make up for economic difficulties, the family house owned by Giacomo Puccini returned after the success of Manon Lescaut and has since remained the property of the descendants of the Master, to finally become an asset of the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Lucca under the management of the Fondazione Puccini.
Today it preserves furniture, documents, music scores and precious objects belonging to the musician, including the Steinway & Sons piano on which he composed many of his works, including: Turandot.
In Piazza Cittadella visitors can admire the bronze Monument to Giacomo Puccini, the work of Vito Tongiani donated to the city by the Association of Industrialists of Lucca in 1994.
Piazza Citadella also houses the Puccini Museum Bookshop, situated on the premises that were the passage for carriages entering Palazzo Mazzarosa, home to the ticket office of the Museum and the sales area for publications, music scores, gadgets, postcards, CDs, DVDs and other souvenirs dedicated to the Master.


PUCCINI MUSEO – Puccini’s Birth Home is the heart of an organised museum complex following the traces left by the great composer. The Puccini Museum, a chance to rediscover his personality, passions and genius.
Museum of Giacomo Puccini
Corte San Lorenzo, 9
Bookshop/Ticket office
Piazza Cittadella, 5
55100 Lucca